Ulysses S Grant Civil War Battles

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A native of Ohio, raised by Methodist parents, Grant's lineage in the new world went back several generations. From his early childhood Grant was an equestrian and had a talent for taming horses. Sent to West Point by his father, he was initially dubious about his abilities and had little interest in becoming a soldier. After graduating from the academy in 1843 he served with distinction in the Mexican–American War. Upon his return Grant married Julia Dent, and together they had four children. In 1854, while stationed at an isolated post on the Oregon Coast, Grant abruptly resigned from the army and returned to his family, but then struggled financially in civilian life for seven years. When the Civil War broke out in 1861 Grant joined the Union Army and rapidly rose in rank to general. Grant won major battles at Shiloh and seized Vicksburg, gaining control of the Mississippi River and dividing the Confederacy in two. These victories, combined with those in the Chattanooga Campaign, persuaded Abraham Lincoln that Grant was the General best suited to lead all the Union armies. In March 1864 he promoted Grant to Lieutenant General, a rank previously reserved for George Washington. For over a year Grant coordinated multiple campaigns, notably the March through Georgia led by William Tecumseh Sherman and the Overland Campaign led by himself and George Gordon Meade, in which the Army of the Potomac fought the Army of Northern Virginia led by Robert E. Lee. On April 9, 1865, Lee surrendered to Grant at Appomattox, effectively ending the war.